Frequently used words and phrases in the court room

FEQUENTLY USED WORDS AND PHRASES IN THE COURTROOM Affidavit A written statement made on oath, given in the place of verbal evidence Affirmation A declaration made instead of taking an oath Appellate Court/Jurisdiction Court or Jurisdiction which has the power to hear appeals Application A request made to a Court, eg., application for bail, application for an adjournment Arraign/ Arraignment The reading of the charges to the accused in a criminal matter and the recording of the accused’s answers as to whether he/she pleads guilty or not guilty Balance of probabilities The onus or standard of proof required in civil matters Beyond reasonable doubt The onus of proof required in criminal cases. Burden of proof The obligation to prove what is alleged. In a criminal trial the burden of proof is upon the prosecution, the accused does not have to prove anything. In a civil trial it is the plaintiff or claiming party which has the onus of proof Case Conference A pre-trial hearing which initiates the hearing of the case in Court. Under the guidance of the Judge (in Crime) parties attempt to resolve issues prior to the formal trial commencing Charge (to jury) Directions given to the Jury […] → Full article Frequently used words and phrases in the court room

maritime/admiralty law conspiracy

Maritime Admiralty Law Conspiracy “Nothing in this world, nothing, works the way you think it does. There’s always more to the story.” – Jordan Maxwell Disclaimer: When I wrote this post I had no idea how popular it would become. I found the topic interesting to say the least and I thought my readers would as well. The materials available in this post are for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of providing legal advice. When you read anything online, don’t let it be the ending point in your research, rather let it be the beginning. I recommend that you do your own research and investigations on any topic and come to your own conclusions. I added source links at the end of this post so you can begin to connect the dots yourself. Is it possible that these nautical terms were merely transferred to the land when transportation became more regionalized with the advent of trains and motor vehicles? It’s very possible. Either way, this post is meant to be food for thought! Maritime Have you noticed how many Maritime words are commonly used today? Maritime words relate to nautical, sea/ocean, shipping, and navigation. The term ‘Nautical’ […] → Full article maritime/admiralty law conspiracy

new method of instituting proceedings

The “new method” of instituting proceedings The Criminal Justice Act created a “new method” of instituting proceedings. After a pilot scheme, all police forces in Australia were given authority to use the new method. Criminal proceedings for summary only offences may be commenced by charge (usually at a police station), summons or the “new method” – Written Charge and Requisition. Alternatively, a Single Justice Procedure Notice may be issued with the Written Charge. Historically, a summons would normally be issued by the court after an “information” is laid at court by the police. The “new method” allows a relevant prosecutor to commence proceedings without reference to the court. A relevant prosecutor may institute criminal proceedings by issuing a document – “a written charge” which charges a person with an offence. Where a relevant prosecutor issues a written charge, it must at the same time issue a “requisition document” – which requires the person to appear before a magistrates’ court to answer the written charge. A requisition may be contained in the same document as a written charge, and contain more than one offence. The written charge and requisition must be served on the person concerned, and a copy of each […] → Full article new method of instituting proceedings

Understanding not guilty

  “Not Guilty” – Do you know what you’re actually saying when uttering these words? Many do not think twice when pleading “Not Guilty” in a court. However, do you truly understand what this means and the impact it has on the matter at hand? The mere fact that a “defendant” is attending court is an admission of guilt as an unresolved controversy exists and the accuser eg the plaintiff believes a wrong exists and requires resolution or compensation from the defendant. Hence, by the act of turning up, the defendant is already guilty. First of all, what is “court”? Simply put, you’re already in court when interacting with the opposite party…you’re there to make law/contract. Hence, the first court appearance has already been held with the opposite party and the reason for a Court appearance in a State/Federal Court is to adjudicate on the controversy created by the defendant according to the plaintiff. Pleading not Guilty. Where does the word “guilty” come from? From Canon Law here Canon 3147 The word Guilty originates from 14th Century English / Dutch gilde, from 13th Century Venetian / Italian gilda meaning “guild, payment (in gold), debt or fine owed to the guild”. […] → Full article Understanding not guilty

Common law v statutes

Common Law vs Statutes Living by the Rule of Law by Roger Hayes Few of us would disagree that the world would be a better place if we all lived by the rule-of-law – but can the same be said about living by the rule of statute? The writer thinks not. In making the case that ‘the law’ benefits our society as a whole but ‘statutes’ benefit special interest groups and have become a negative factor in our lives let me first put forward my views as to what the differences between laws and statutes are. Here follows a summary of my interpretation of the differences (not necessarily in order of importance, sometimes repeated and definitely not exhaustive) – please feel free to challenge me if you disagree. Warning: My assumptions are based on my own logic and reasoning – I have the benefit of not having been ‘trained’ to think like a barrister or a solicitor – in fact I have not been ‘trained’ to think like anybody – I tend to think for myself, which it appears very few people do these days… most preferring it seems to being ‘guided’ conveniently to the same conclusions as the ruling […] → Full article Common law v statutes

We are no longer a nation.

The COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA is a sub-franchise of the UNITED STATES Inc. so you will see a lot of similarities within the system if you look. All international law was governed by the US dollar which gave them jurisdiction over the collateral and debts of citizens in any country really. All controlled through the private city “State of London”. Our equivalent is Canberra. The UCC law system in operation has jurisdiction over any contract or agreement in the world. The equivalent registry and governing system would be the PPSR in Australia and Austlii for the procedures of simulated legal process. All of these tie together as the back room deals of shady sales merchants of the banks and the fraudulent operation of using private money for public use and modern slavery. Australia has had lawyers turn this land into the biggest prize booty ripe for salvaging through more of their deceptive acts and practices and using fraudulent conveyance of language in all of the documents they author. They being the banks and corporations that give the appearance of a government but are nothing but a criminal enterprise enriching themselves and their handlers at the public expense (RICO). All agents that […] → Full article We are no longer a nation.

Court case on fictitious name

Court Cases on Fictitious Names The following court cases deal with objections to one’s name being printed in capital block letters (all-caps). In every case, the court ruled that it is frivolous to argue how one’s name is spelled and ruled against them. Many “‘patriots” (for profit) have used these court cases to “prove” that it does not matter how you spell a name (whether in all capital letters or not). But if it does not matter, why doesn’t the court simply spell the name the way the accused asks them to? However, as will be seen, the reason for the courts ruling against these arguments was not because of how the name was spelled, but because the accused used the wrong arguments and submitted themselves to the courts jurisdiction! [Richard’s comments in brackets]. Admitting It’s Your Name If a court calls out a name (which is fictitious), and the accused answers to that name, even if he says his name isn’t spelled that way, he is still admitting that it is his name! The body of the accused is present, what does it matter how it’s spelled now? Remember, either it is your name or it is not your […] → Full article Court case on fictitious name

CANCELING contracts

CANCELING CONTRACTS You can cancel that CONTRACT however by rescinding your CONSENT. The Federal Truth in Lending Act provides that any party to a CONTRACT may rescind his CONSENT, within three business days of entering into such a CONTRACT. So across the face of the CITATION you should print or type in large print, the following words: I DO NOT ACCEPT THIS OFFER TO CONTRACT and I DO NOT CONSENT TO THESE PROCEEDINGS. Use blue ink [for admiralty] or purple ink [for royalty]. Admiralty is the Court and Royalty represents your Sovereignty. Either way is appropriate. Sign your signature underneath in blue or purple ink and in front of a Notary and under your signature type: Without prejudice, UCC 1-308. This is another way to declare that you may not be held responsible for this Contract pursuant to the Uniform Commercial Code.Serve Cancelled Citation back it on the Clerk / Court, along with a Certificate of Service, CV-Certificate of Service (Service of Papers Other than Citation) Instructions: Every notice, pleading, plea, motion, or request made to the court must be served on all other parties in person, by mail or courier, by fax, by e-mail with consent, or in another […] → Full article CANCELING contracts

Letters if schools try to fine you

LETTER IF SCHOOL FINES YOU? Dear Headmaster, I had no idea you consider yourself to be higher ranking than, Her Majesty the Queen, and free to ignore the laws and usages of this realm, she swore upon her Coronation Oath, she would govern us by. Here are you defying her, Magna Carta, Bill of Rights, and acting unlawfully, as my accuser, judge and jury, a petty dictator, ignorant of the Constitutional Laws of Australia, which state, only a jury in a court of law, can convict me of a crime, or amerce me by imposing an unlawful fine? I will not be publishing this reply to you, on the following condition. You cease unlawfully fining anyone, immediately. Theft by deception is a criminal offence, Criminal Law Act 1968. Dear Headmaster, May I remind you of the constitutional law that is the Bill of Rights 1689 which goes something like this ” That no one is to be judged unless by a lawful jury of there peers .” With this in mind may I know the name of the judge that has presided in this matter with regards the court order required to legitimise your actions ? Or are you a […] → Full article Letters if schools try to fine you


MAGISTRATE A magistrate is an unpaid volunteer without formal legal qualifications who serves in a magistrates’ court. There are also, however, district judges (formerly called “stipendiary magistrates” and known in slang as “stipes”) in major cities. MAGISTRATES’ COURT A magistrates’ court consists of between two and seven magistrates or a single district judge. The magistrates’ courts initiate all criminal prosecutions by considering whether there is sufficient evidence to justify committing the defendant to the Crown Court. Another function of the court is as a court of summary jurisdiction: a criminal court of trial without a jury. Magistrates’ courts also have a limited jurisdiction in civil matters relating to debt and matrimonial proceedings. Admiralty law or maritime law is a body of law that governs nautical issues and private maritime disputes. Admiralty law comprises both domestic law on maritime activities, and private international law governing the relationships between private parties operating or using ocean-going ships. While each legal jurisdiction usually has its own legislation governing maritime matters, the international nature of the topic and the need for uniformity has, since 1900, led to considerable international maritime law developments, including numerous multilateral treaties. Matters dealt by admiralty law include marine commerce, marine […] → Full article Magistrates/courts

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Wayne Glew