Magistrates/courts

MAGISTRATE A magistrate is an unpaid volunteer without formal legal qualifications who serves in a magistrates’ court. There are also, however, district judges (formerly called “stipendiary magistrates” and known in slang as “stipes”) in major cities. MAGISTRATES’ COURT A magistrates’ court consists of between two and seven magistrates or a single district judge. The magistrates’ courts initiate all criminal prosecutions by considering whether there is sufficient evidence to justify committing the defendant to the Crown Court. Another function of the court is as a court of summary jurisdiction: a criminal court of trial without a jury. Magistrates’ courts also have a limited jurisdiction in civil matters relating to debt and matrimonial proceedings. Admiralty law or maritime law is a body of law that governs nautical issues and private maritime disputes. Admiralty law comprises both domestic law on maritime activities, and private international law governing the relationships between private parties operating or using ocean-going ships. While each legal jurisdiction usually has its own legislation governing maritime matters, the international nature of the topic and the need for uniformity has, since 1900, led to considerable international maritime law developments, including numerous multilateral treaties. Matters dealt by admiralty law include marine commerce, marine […] → Full article Magistrates/courts

The 12 presumptions of court

THE TWELVE PRESUMPTIONS OF COURT Canon 3228 A Roman Court does not operate according to any true rule of law, but by presumptions of the law. Therefore, if presumptions presented by the private Bar Guild are not rebutted they become fact and are therefore said to stand true [Or as “truth in commerce”]. There are twelve (12) key presumptions asserted by the private Bar Guilds which if unchallenged stand true being Public Record, Public Service, Public Oath, Immunity, Summons, Custody, Court of Guardians, Court of Trustees, Government as Executor/Beneficiary, Executor De Son Tort, Incompetence, and Guilt: The Presumption of Public Recordis that any matter brought before a lower Roman Courts is a matter for the public record when in fact it is presumed by the members of the private Bar Guild that the matter is a private Bar Guild business matter. Unless openly rebuked and rejected by stating clearly the matter is to be on the Public Record, the matter remains a private Bar Guild matter completely under private Bar Guild rules; and The Presumption of Public Serviceis that all the members of the Private Bar Guild who have all sworn a solemn secret absolute oath to their Guild then […] → Full article The 12 presumptions of court

public servant oath

Oaths Everyone you will encounter, in the “Legal” or “Lawful” worlds, will have taken an Oath in order to claim their ‘title’. This includes Judges, Magistrates, Bailiffs, Notaries, Solicitors, Lawyers and … of course … Policymen. Acting within their Oaths, they are what they claim to be. And, in this case, they are all Peace Officers … because that is what their Oaths state. Acting outside their Oath, they are not what they claim to be. Acting outside their Oath, they are simply “Joe Soap” (maybe in in some kind of uniform, but Joe Soap nonetheless). In a Court de jure (Common Law Court), for example, a Judge will be on his Oath. However, as a Judge, he will be offered ’employment’ to run Courts de facto (Courts of Arbitrations of disputes). In these Courts, Magistrates and Judges are not on their Oaths. Thus they are not what they claim to be. They are nothing more than Joe Soap. They can – ALL – be put on their Oaths by saying “I’m putting you on your Oath. Under God, so help me God. Now we have a Contract”. A Judge or Magistrate then has two options. Either to recuse him- […] → Full article public servant oath

Introduction to law

Introduction to law A beginners guide to understanding Law The first book at uni they get to start learning to understand law to become a solicitor. BASED ON UNIVERSITY TEXT BOOK “Understanding Commercial Law WHAT IS LAW. There are various definitions and descriptions of “law”, in general,and “laws”, examples of the law in particular. The law may be described as a collection of enforceable rules applicable to the behaviour of the citizens and institutions of an organised community,such as a nation. THE MEANING OF THE WORD COLLECTION. Collection: In the absence of agreement to the contrary, It is the buyers job to collect the goods,not the seller’s job to send them. Laws may be described as the large numbers of rules imposed upon and enforce among persons in society for achieving of peace and the resolution of disputes. ( The sum total of these laws is called “the law”.) Many other definitions and descriptions can be found,but in general, legal commentators agree that the concept and existence of “law” is a characteristic of all human communities, past and present. The laws of a sovereign nation-state, such as Australia, share the following factors: 1. They are made by human beings and […] → Full article Introduction to law

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Valuable links

Use the links below for valuable information on rights and law.
Know your Rights
Exodus
I am some dude
Wayne Glew